Milk and meat production in the drylands of Tanzania amidst climate change

About the author: David Dawson Maleko is a lecturer, researcher and consultant at Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania, East Africa. He has a Ph.D. degree in the field of Biodiversity Conservation and Ecosystems Management from the Nelson Mandela African Institution of Science and Technology, Tanzania. He holds an M.Sc. in Conservation and Land Management from Bangor University, UK. David has been responsible for a wide range of scientific research, advice and outreach specialising in sustainable natural resources management particularly rangelands ecology and management, and integrated animal-plant climate-smart agriculture in East Africa.


1. Overview of drylands and their use in Tanzania

Tanzania is a country located in Eastern Africa with a total land cover of about 947,300 km². Tanzania has been experiencing both human population and economic growth that creates more demand for animal source food including milk and meat. The human population in Tanzania has increased five-fold since the first census in the country, from 12.3 million in 1967 to 61.7 million in 2022 .  To access full document visit:

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