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Swaziland

Available information on POPs contaminated sites in Swaziland
The Nation-wide inventories revealed that Swaziland experienced minor POPs pesticides releases to the environment mainly from the previous use of Dieldrin, and Chlordane and current use of DDT. The current use of DDT is for malaria vector control. Other source categories include stockpiles of obsolete POPs pesticides and pesticide waste, including contaminated sites. There is also evidence of soil contamination by PCB containing transformer oils from electrical systems infrastructure mainly from the Swaziland Electricity Company (NIP report, Swaziland, 2010)

  1. The 2012 inventories (NIP update) have revealed that DDT and endosulfan are the POP pesticides of great concern in Swaziland.
  2. The amount of Endosulfan recorded in the first NIP (2009) was much higher (281,000 L) than what was found for the 2012 inventories (13.5 L liquid formulation and 29.5 kg solid formulation).
  3. PCB oil contaminated transformers were also found in Swaziland. The Swaziland Electricity Company (SEC) is the major owner of these equipments.
  4. There are no large scale on-going soil remediation projects (by 2015). However, there are minor soil remediation operations due to minor spillages especially of petrochemical products spillages during transportation and/or traffic accidents.
  5. The oil industries and/or transport companies are involved in the remediation (the polluter pays principle is applied). Also, the Swaziland Electricity Company once undertook a remediation exercise for a suspected PCB oil contaminated site in one of their facilities.

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