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Ethiopia

Summary of the available information on POPs contaminated sites in Ethiopia

Based on the National Imlimentation Plan (NIP) of Ethiopia, a total of 220 contaminated stores/sites were identified in all the 9 regional states and two city administration /Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa/.
These contaminated sites consist of

  • 23 burial sites,
  • 137 contaminated stores where contaminants are contained within stores,
  • 41 stores already contaminated with spilled out chemicals,
  • 19 open fields contaminated due to poor storage and/ or handling of chemicals.

Furthermore, preliminary inventory on POPs identified 2505 PCB containing electrical transformers, out of which about 2415 are currently in use.
There are no studies that provide a direct linkage of the impacts of use of PCBs in human health problems in the country.
Due to poor management and handling of decommissioned transformers and capacitors, and long years of open storage, the land in the vicinity of the store and the nearby stream are believed to be contaminated by PCBs that have spilled over or from discarded dielectric fluids.

Identified Contamination Sites in each region


Regional Administrations

No. of Identified Contaminated Sites

Addis Ababa

7

Afar

7

Amhara

36

Benishangul Gumuz

4

Dire Dawa

6

Gambella

3

Harari

2

Oromia

102

SNNPR

41

Tigray

12

Total

220

Source: Contaminated Sites Survey, 2004

 

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