Latest Events

Dr. Innocent Busindeli has been reappointed as Head of Department

Date: 9th July 2020


The Vice-Chancellor of Sokoine University of Agriculture, Prof. Raphael T. Chibunda, has reappointed Dr. Innocent Mathias Busindeli  as the Head of the Department of Agricultural Extension and Community Development. He has been reappointed to serve a three years term (i.e. from academic year 2020/21 to 2022/23). All department staff congratulate him and wish him good luck in leading our department.  

Dr. R. Madaha presents in Birmingham UK

17th June 2020

IMG 20200619 WA0021Dr. Madaha has presented a paper online at the DSA Conference 2020. The international conference took place from June 16 to 19, 2020. The theme of the conference was, “New Leadership for Global Challenges Where and how leadership is emerging at global, regional and local levels to address critical issues?” Dr. Madaha's participation was sponsored by Development Studies Association of the UK. The title of the paper is “The Performance of Local governments in the delivery of Agricultural public services: the case of rural Tanzania”

Abstract of the Paper

The existing structure of Tanzanian local governments have not changed significantly as compared to the one established during the colonial British administration in 1950s. Using a case study approach, the article focuses on the effectiveness and efficiency of local government authorities in delivering public agricultural services in Tanzania. Overall, local governments, among other things, have failed to deliver public services effectively and efficiently in the agriculture sector as intended. Instead, they serve the interests of local elites including corrupt ones. For that reason, there is a call for a centralized welfare system with fewer amalgamated local governments to reduce expenses, rectify the shortfalls of the market economy in general and improve the performance of the local governments.  The paper contributes to the fields of local government, qualitative methodology and development studies.

Keywords: local government, qualitative methodology, corruption, agriculture, Tanzania in Sub-Saharan Africa


Ms Joyce Mwakatoga has published an article

Date: 5th June 2020

JoyceJoyce Mwakatoga has published an article in a peer-reviewed international journal. The title of an article is Adherence to Iron-Folic Acid Supplementation and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women in Kasulu Communities in North-Western Tanzania. The article can be accessed at


Pregnant women are at a high risk of anaemia, with iron-folate deficiency being the most common cause of anaemia among pregnant women. Despite the well-known importance of iron and folic acid supplementation (IFAS) during pregnancy, adherence to these supplements is relatively low and associated factors were not well identified in the study area. This study is aimed at investigating adherence to IFAS and associated factors among pregnant women in Kasulu district, north-western Tanzania. Methods..A health facility cross-sectional survey with a mixed-method approach was conducted in Kasulu district from March to April 2019. A structured questionnaire was given to 320 women with children aged 0-6 months to assess factors associated with adherence to IFAS among pregnant women. Data were entered into SPSS version 22.0 for analysis. Binary logistic regression was further employed to determine the factors associated with adherence to IFAS. Focus group discussions were done with 19 pregnant women and 15 mothers of children aged 0-6 months to obtain more clarifications on the factors associated with adherence to IFAS. Furthermore, in-depth interviews were done with six health care providers to explore their perceptions of IFAS. Results.

Joyce Mwakatoga has published an article in a peer-reviewed international journal. The title of an article is Adherence to Iron-Folic Acid Supplementation and Associated Factors among Pregnant Women in Kasulu Communities in North-Western Tanzania. The article can be accessed at

Results. Out of the 320 respondents of the survey, 20.3% (n = 65) adhered to IFAS. Factors associated with adherence to IFAS among pregnant women included time to start ANC (AOR = 3:72, 95% CI: 1.42, 9.79), knowledge of anaemia (AOR = 3:84, 95% CI: 1.335, 10.66), counseling on the importance of the iron-folic acid (AOR = 3:86, 95% CI: 1.42, 10.50), IFAS given during clinical visit (AOR = 15:72, 95% CI: 5.34, 46.31), number of meals consumed (AOR = 3:44, 95% CI: 1.28, 9.21), number of children (AOR = 3:462, 95% CI: 1.035, 11.58), and distance to health facility (AOR = 0:34, 95% CI: 0.131, 0.886). Qualitative findings revealed that delayed first ANC visit, lack of remainder for pregnant women to take IFAS, low awareness about the negative effects of anaemia, low of knowledge of IFAS and management of side effects, negative beliefs about the use of IFAS, and follow-up mechanism were major reasons for poor adherence. Conclusion. Adherence to iron-folic acid supplementation during pregnancy was low. Strengthening systems for creating reminding mechanism, raising community awareness through educational programs to pregnant women and health providers could improve adherence to IFAS.


Global Perspectives on Motherhood, Mothering and Masculinities

Date: 9th April 2020
 Dr. Rasel Madaha has published a book chapter in a book titled: "Global Perspectives on Motherhood, Mothering and Masculinities"
A link to the book and cover can be accessed below. Please share widely
AND the book may be pre-ordered at 40% off using coupon code MOTHERS. 
About the Book
The two phenomena highlighted in this edited volume ‘motherhood/mothering and masculinities’ are each recent areas of development in critical Feminist and Men’s Studies. In contributing to these areas of gender studies, this book draws attention to the fact that much can also be gained when we explore relationships between them, an idea that may not readily come to mind. While femininities and masculinities are co-constructed, motherhood and mothering bring additional perspectives to the study of femininity that affect the construction of masculinity in complex ways. The 12 chapters in this volume allow readers to ponder some of these complexities and may suggest other issues that require investigation. Spanning many continents, the essays have both a global and historical reach emphasising cultural differences and historical changes. Of import is the idea that mothers have agency and are active in constructions affecting their lives. They are able to bring motherhood out of the shadows as they strive to build, re-evaluate or alter their roles within families and communities. These have an impact on developments in masculinities. The book is divided into three parts and the chapters investigate a wide range of issues including cultural constructs, gender in parent/child, relationships, non-binary developments, the impact of war on mothering, decolonisation struggles, and much more.

Bachelor of Community Development has been launched

Date: 28th January 2020reduced size

The Department of Agricultural Extension and Community Development has launched a new degree titled Bachelor of Community Development with the following entry requirements: Applicants must have attained at least Ordinary Diploma or Advanced Certificate of Secondary Education or recognized equivalent prior learning qualifications. For the direct entry candidates the requirement is TWO principal passes (4 points based on the current NECTA grading system) in any art or science subject.  OR Diploma in Community Development or any related art and science fields with at least FOUR PASSES at O-level in any subject. For details on entry qualifications and other degree programs offered by the department, please click [here]. If you have any question, do not hesitate to contact us.


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