Participatory Methodology

  1. Course Title: EE 301- Participatory Methodology
  2. Course Aim: to enable students develop skills for planning, executing and evaluating participatory extension researches and programmes
  • iii. Course Expected Learning outcomes:

By the end of this course, students should be able to:

  • Explain the evolution, rationale, and applicability of participatory approaches to research and development
  • Plan for participatory research
  • Use participatory tools in conducting participatory research
  • Evaluate participatory extension programmes
  1. Course Status: Core
  2. Credit rating: 9 Credits
  3. Total hours Spent: 90

                                                            Lecture                                    36 hours

Seminars/Tutorials                   18 hours

Practical                                  9 hours

Assignment                             9 hours

Independent Research                        18 hours

Pre-requisite: None

  • vii. Course Content:

Overview of qualitative research methodology.Participatory research as a qualitative research approach.Participatory research.  Evolution of participatory  research methodology. Validity and reliability of participatory research approaches.Designing participatory research.Techniques and tools for participatory research.Participatory tools and techniques in extension and evaluation. Designing and evaluating participatory extension programmes.


Practical: Case studies will be used to develop practical skills. These will be complimented, where necessary and where financial resources allow, with field trips to relevant sites. Alternatively, candidates will be involved in analyzing selected case studies of selected problems/issues and demonstrate level of articulation and proficiency through their participation in seminar presentations.


  • Teaching and Learning Activities

Teaching will involve lectures, practical, group assignments and seminar presentations, individual assignments to capture self- reading. Use of case studies in teaching for some practical aspects will be employed.

  1. Assessment Methods

The assessments will be through continuous assessments were written timed tests (theory and practical), quizzes, seminar presentation, practical reports, and submission of individual/group assignment papers will be used. The assessment will also include final University written examination.


  1. Reading List

Stringer, E.T (2007). Action Research: A Handbook for Practicioners. Newbury Park, CA: Sage

United Nations Development Group. (2014) United Nations Development System- A Collective Approach to Supporting Capacity Development. UN

Mathie, Alison & Cunningham, Gord (2010). "From clients to citizens: Asset-based Community Development as a strategy for community-driven development". Development in practice 13 (5): 474–486.

McTague, C. &Jakubowski, S (2013). Marching to the beat of a silent drum: Wasted consensus-building and failed neighborhood participatory planning. Applied Geography 44,             182–191

Recommended Readings

Cleaver, F. 2001. "Institutions, agency and the limitations of participatory development." Pp. 36-55 in Participation: The New Tyranny?, edited by B. Cooke and U. Kothari. London: Zed Books.

Gergen, Kenneth J. and Mary Gergen. 2008. "Social Construction and Research as Action." Pp. 159-171 in The Sage Handbook of Action Research: Participative Inquiry and Practice, edited by P. Reason and H. Bradbury. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

MacIntyre, Alice. 2008. Participatory Action Research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Cornwall, A. 2003. "Whose Voices? Whose Choices?: Reflections on Gender and Participatory Development." World Development, 31(8): 1325-1342.