Tanzania Journal of Community Development (TAJOCODE)

Tanzania Journal of Community Development (TAJOCODE) is a peer-reviewed international journal. The journal was founded on 13th April 2021. The Community Development Professionals Association of Tanzania (CODEPATA) owns TAJOCODE.  The Department of Agricultural Extension and Community Development (DAECD) of Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) is a corporate member of CODEPATA.  The Department manages the review and publication process of the journal. TAJOCODE is jointly published by DAECD of SUA and CODEPATA. The journal accepts articles and case studies written by community development professionals, practitioners, and students. Please contact the Chief Editors of the journal for any queries. Past and recent Volumes of the journal can be accessed at [click here]; you can also copy and paste the following link <https://www.coa.sua.ac.tz/aaee/index.php/journals/volume> to your web browser. Below is information about TAJOCODE.

1.0. About the journal

Tanzania Journal of Community Development (TAJOCODE) is the peer-reviewed journal of the Community Development Professionals Association of Tanzania (CODEPATA) publishing original research and case studies of high quality. CODEPATA is a voluntary, non-governmental, non-profit, non-partisan, and non-religious organization whose mission is to promote and protect the community development profession for people’s sustainable development. The registration number is S.A 21457 under Societies Act Cap. 337 R.E. of 2002 of the United Republic of Tanzania. The Department of Agricultural Extension and Community Development is a Department in the College of Agriculture (COA) of Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA). The Department was established in 1977. It offers programmes in agricultural extension and community development at both undergraduate (BSc) and postgraduate (M.Sc. and PhD) levels. Our graduates are mainly employed as extension staff and community development specialists by the government and Non-Governmental Organisations (NGOs).

  • Address

Community Development Professionals Association of Tanzania (CODEPATA), P.O.BOX 1585, Dodoma Tanzania

And

The Department of Agricultural Extension and Community Development, P.O.BOX 3002, Morogoro (Contact the chief editor Dr. Rasel M. Madaha via This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

2.0. Aims and Scope of the Journal

TAJOCODE is devoted to improving knowledge and practice in the community development profession. TAJOCODE advances inclusive community development research, and practice in all domains of community development. The journal publishes research, and practice in all aspects of community development with a view of contributing towards tackling various development challenges in Tanzania and the rest of the world.

The journal welcomes English and Kiswahili articles that report research and practice; examine community problems, and analyse the community development profession in Tanzania and elsewhere. Articles may address any community development issue including poverty; gender; community participation; social justice; economic development; budgeting; decentralisation; community empowerment; sustainable development; rural and urban community development; and other relevant community development topics.

TAJOCODE submissions should be aligned with the Community Development profession and should clearly document methodology, data-driven results, success stories, resources, and/or lessons learned. Citations of research and resources are expected in every manuscript. TAJOCODE adheres to a basic set of core values for the practice of community development. They include:

  • Promotion of the participation of all community members in urban and rural areas to actively and meaningfully influence the decisions that affect their lives.
  • Promotion of the engagement of community members in learning about community issues in all aspects including economic, social, cultural, environmental, political, legal, and psychological issues.
  • Avoidance of support of any effort that is likely to adversely affect the marginalized community members such as women and disabled people.
  • Accommodation of the diverse interests and cultures of communities
  • Dedication to enhance the leadership capacities of community members, community leaders, and groups within the communities
  • Striving towards the long-term sustainability and wellbeing of marginalized communities.

21. Publication Frequency

TAJACODE is a quarterly journal‎ that publishes open volumes of unsolicited articles at least four times a year. The open volumes follow a publish-as-you-go model, which allows for articles to be published online as soon as they are ready. We may not adhere to a fixed timetable to publish individual unsolicited articles. The measure ensures the timely publication of unsolicited articles. We may also publish themed volume any time of the year. Special issues of the journal also can be published any time of the year.

3.0. Peer Review Statement

 All submissions are subject to initial appraisal by the Editor, and, if found suitable for further consideration, they are subjected to peer review by independent and anonymous expert referees. All peer review is double-blind.

4.0. Editorial board

4.1. Chief Editors:

  • Rasel Madaha (Ph.D.)Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania,

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

  • Regina Malima (Ph.D.)the Open University of Tanzania

Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

4.2. Associate Editors

  • Ponsian Sewando (Ph.D), Tengeru Institute of Community Development-(TICD): This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
  • Novatus Justinian Kaijage, Community Health and Social Welfare Africa, (COMHESWA): This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

4.3. Managing Editors

  • Stephen Wambura, Tengeru Institute of Community Development,
  • Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Paschal Mahinyira, Buhare Community Development Training Institute(CDTI),
  • Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

4.4. Other Members of the Editorial Board

  • Krijn Peters (Associate Professor in Post-war Reconstruction, Rural Development and Transport Services, Department of Political & Cultural Studies, Swansea University, James Callaghan Building, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, Wales, UK. Tel (44) (0)1792 295183, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
  • Robin Neustaeter, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of Adult Education, Program Teaching Staff, Coady International Institute, St. Francis Xavier University, 4545 Alumni Cres., P.O. Box 5000, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada, B2G 2W5: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
  • Brianne Peters. Brianne is an expert on Asset Based and Citizen-led Development (ABCD) and Program Teaching Staff at Coady International Institute St. Francis Xavier University, This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Solomon Muhango (Ph.D), Agricultural innovations and Gender, Tengeru Institute of Community Development-TICD: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
  • Elimeleck Parmena Akyoo (Ph.D),Tanzania Institute of Accountancy-TIA: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Respikius Martin, (Ph.D), Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA): This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Godfrey Martin Mubyazi, Chief Research Scientist (Head), Department of Library, Medical Museums & Publications (Since April 2021), (Former Head), Department of Health Systems & Policy Research (2010 - March 2021), (Currently & Newly Appointed): Editor-In-Chief, Tanzania Journal of Health Research (TJHR), National Institute for Medical Research (NIMR) 3 Barack Obama Drive P.O Box 9653, 11101 Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.and This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Zena M. Mabeyo (PhD)Senior Lecturer, Ag.Deputy Rector, Planning Finance and Administration, Institute of Social Work, P.O.Box 3375, Dar es Salaam. East African Regional Representative - Association of Schools of Social Work in Africa (ASSWA) Emails: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.and Zlyuwo@ yahoo.com
  • Gabriel K.Nzalayaimisi, Ph.D, Sokoine University of Agriculture- This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it., and This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
  • Rose Mtei (Ph.D ongoing), Tengeru Institute of Community Development-TICD: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
  • Juma Almas Mhina, (Ph.D ongoing), Tengeru Institute of Community Development-TICD: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.m and This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)- Ph.D. Ongoing

4.5. The Role of the Editorial Board

The members of the editorial board are important in providing prestige to TAJOCODE. The main goal of the board is to advise and support the chief editors. Some of the specific roles are to a)identify appropriate workshops, seminars, and conferences for editors to attend; b)endorse the journal to authors, readers, and subscribers, c) encourage colleagues to submit their best work; d) review some of the submissions; e)assist the chief editor in the identification of potential reviewers of submitted articles, f) to suggest revisions to authors who speak English as a second language for them to improve their articles.

4.6. Editorial policies

Tanzania Journal of Community Development (TAJOCODE) follows the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines (visit www.publicationethics.org for details) to manage its peer-review process. All authors are welcome to submit complaints and appeals to the editor’s decisions.

5.0. Instructions for authors

5.1. About the Journal

Tanzania Journal of Community Development (TAJOCODE) is the peer-reviewed journal of the Community Development Professionals Association of Tanzania (CODEPATA) publishing original research of high quality. CODEPATA is a voluntary, non-governmental, non-profit, non-partisan, and non-religious organization whose mission is to promote and protect the community development profession for people’s sustainable development. Please see the TAJOCODE’s  Aims and Scope to learn about its focus.

Please note that this journal publishes manuscripts in Kiswahili and English. It is one of the pioneer academic journals in the community development field that publishes in Kiswahili. The journal will be published four times a year.

TAJOCODE accepts original articles only.

5.2. Open Access

TAJOCODE strives to share the knowledge to the wider public as much as possible. As such, some of the volumes of the journal may be made available freely online. Authors are permitted to self-archive published articles on their personal or institutional webpages and institutional repositories. The measures are associated with increased readership and increased citation of an author's work. TAJOCODE to ensures the articles and other journal’s outputs are Findable, Accessible, Interoperable and Reusable

TAJOCODE has no submission or article processing charges. However, we encourage our readers to purchase print copies of the journal to meet some of the operational expenses of the journal. CODEPATA will produce print copies. Please contact the chief editors for any queries.

5.3. Peer Review and Ethics

TAJOCODE adheres to peer-review integrity and upholding the highest standards of review. First, the editors assess the suitability of an article. If the article is suitable, the editors submit it to double-blind peer review by autonomous and anonymous reviewers with expertise in the field of community development.

5.4. Preparing Your Paper

5.4.1. Structure

Overall, TAJOCODE manuscripts invariably follow the IMRAD (Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion) format. The articles should be compiled in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text introduction, brief literature review (including theory or theories used in a separate sub-section), materials and methods (methodology), results (findings), discussion; conclusion and references.  The author should include the following data on appropriate pages: appendices (as appropriate); table(s) with caption(s) (in the text); figures; figure captions (in the text). On a separate page, the author should include acknowledgments; and a declaration of interest statement. The details on the sub-sections are as follows:

Title: author(s) should state the titles in the fewest possible words that adequately describe the contents of the paper. Titles should be specific, short, and clear.

Abstract: abstracts should contain the following information: the purpose of the article, the type of literature that the article drew on, sample size, the average age of participants, method of data collection, the sampling procedure and the study area(s), the method of data analysis e.g. framework approach, the findings of the paper, and summary of your recommendations. All English abstracts should be translated to Kiswahili. Likewise, all Kiswahili abstracts should be translated into English. Please contact the chief editors, if you need some assistance in this area.

Introduction: The Introduction should serve three purposes: (1) to call attention to and clarify or define the specific topic or hypothesis that the author(s) are to discuss, (2) to provide background and justify a study relative to its importance and the results of other studies, and (3) to list the objectives of the research project or to give the audience information on what the author(s) plan to accomplish in the article. That is, the introduction needs to situate the research within a broader context in the world before moving on to the local level i.e. globe, continent (Africa), region (East Africa), and country (Tanzania). Author(s) should also state the problem or opportunity under investigation clearly and concisely. Sources of problem statement can come from issues at the workplace or institution, personal experience, literature from authors’ field of study, or a desire to replicate the work of other researchers in an attempt to better understand or explain a phenomenon. Observe the following format: write the background about the problem, state the problem statement, and explain the significance of the problem. Author(s) should outline their research question(s) or objectives in the early stages of the introduction to guide readers. It would be useful for the author(s) to include a summary of their main arguments in the introduction.

Literature Review and Theoretical Framework

The major points of a theory need to be stated very clearly so that they can be used in the discussion section. That is, the author(s) should use a systematic theoretical approach to discuss their findings. Further, author(s) need to outline similar studies on the subject following the following formant i.e. the globe, regional (Africa), sub-region (East Africa), and country-level (Tanzania). Author(s) should briefly explain the gaps in those studies that they believe their study is going fill.

 Methodology

Author(s) should take note that research questions or objectives narrow down the focus of a study. As such, research questions or objectives are the methodological point of departure. Below are details on different kinds of research methodologies.

  • Quantitative Methodologies:
    • The researcher wants to determine “if something happened,” “did something happen,” and “to what degree did something happen” by collecting and analysing numeric data.
    • They are deductive in nature because the results can be used to test hypotheses stated from the outset.
  • Qualitative Methodologies:
    • Qualitative Methodologies focus on answering the following questions Who?”, “What?”, “When?”, “Where?”, “Why?”, and “How?”
    • Qualitative data collected from sources such as interviews and transcripts and are analysed inductively with the idea that the results can be used to better understand a specific event or scenario.
  • Mixed Methodologies
    • mixed methods studies collect both quantitative and qualitative data in order to answer both quantitative and qualitative research questions taken together
  • Further, there should be clarity in writing about the research methods used, particularly about the methods of data collection. For example, the nature of data needs to be explained well. Is it qualitative or quantitative?
  • Author(s) should explain how they triangulated the data from the various sources – interviews, Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), surveys, and observations.
  • Author(s) might explain whether there were differences in responses of the different respondents and how they worked with these differences in their analysis and interpretation.
  • Author(s) should also answer the following key questions:
    • How many questions did the author(s) have in the interview schedule?
    • How long did each interview last i.e. for how many minutes?
    • How was the data analysed? e.g. Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), content analysis, Framework approach etc
    • Did the author(s) use any software?
    • How did author(s) establish trustworthiness?
    • What was the unit of analysis?

Findings and Discussion

  • Although we recommend an interwoven result and discussion section, authors are free to separate the two sections.
  • Author(s) should make clear immediately the extent to which they have proved or disproved the hypothesis and then carry the reader from one display of data to another with logical development, showing how their findings satisfy the objectives of the study. Results should be presented in the same order as the objectives and the experimental procedures. However, we recommend that authors should focus on one objective per article.
  • The discussion provides meaning or an interpretation of the results and shows relationships with other research
  • The discussions should have a structure and flow. Readers should be able to see where the author(s) was/were going.
  • The discussion section could be further enhanced by fine-tuning the development and flow of author(s) arguments, ensuring that it maintains a logical sequence.
  • For qualitative studies, ensure to include themes/sub-themes for the discussion section.
  • In the discussion compare the findings with what literature says- what are the points of agreement/disagreement?

 Conclusion

  • The conclusion is composed of concluding statements. It is not a summary of the findings. Here, authors should briefly reiterate the objective of the study and provide a general statement on the extent to which they have accomplished it.
  • Authors should make sure to draw together the outcomes of the objective and enumerate these conclusions succinctly. They should not just restate the results.
  • The concluding statements may be the points that stay the longest in the reader’s mind.
  • Concluding statements should sufficiently relate to the findings and the objective of the study.

References

  • Please use TAJOCODE Referencing when preparing your article. The guidelines can be accessed by clicking [here] or copying and pasting the following link to your web browser: undefined
  • Check your reference list to ensure consistency in referencing style

5.4.2. Word Limits

Please include a word count for your article. A typical article for this journal should be between 5,000 to 8,000 words inclusive of figure captions, endnotes, tables, and references. Case studies should range between 2,000 to 4000 words. The article and case studies should be sufficient to present solid coverage of the issue. Writing style should hold the reader’s attention. Photos, graphics, captions, endnotes, tables, and illustrations are encouraged when they support understanding of the content provided.

5.4.3. Style Guidelines

Please use UK spelling style consistently throughout your manuscript.

Please use double quotation marks, except where “a quotation is ‘within’ a quotation”. Please note that long quotations should be indented without quotation marks.

5.4.4. Formatting and Templates

You should submit your article in Word only. All manuscripts must be formatted to 2.5cm x 2.5 cm margins, double-spaced, with 12 point font, Times New Roman. You should ensure consistency throughout the article.

5.4.5. Editing Services

To help you improve your manuscript and prepare it for submission, TAJOCODE provides affordable editing services. Please contact the editors for pricing.

5.4.6. Checklist: What to Include

  • Cover page: the cover page should be on a separate file and should contain author details. All authors of a manuscript should include their full name and affiliation on the cover page of the manuscript. Where available, please also include ORCiDs. One author will need to be identified as the corresponding author, with their email address normally displayed on the cover page. Authors’ affiliations are the affiliations where the research was conducted. If any of the named co-authors moves affiliation during the peer-review process, the new affiliation can be given as a footnote. Please note that no changes to affiliation can be made after your paper is accepted. 
  • Prepare an anonymous article on a separate page without author details. The editors will send only suitable anonymous article to the reviewers
  • The Anonymous article should contain a title and an unstructured abstract of 100-200 words.
  • The Anonymous article should contain between 3 and 6 keywords. The keyword will make your article more discoverable.
  • Once an article has been reviewed and accepted for publication, the author(s) will be required produce a 2-page policy brief, based on their research, targeting practitioners and policy-makers. The policy brief should focus on ‘lessons learned and ‘policy and practice recommendations.’
  • Please supply all details required by your funding and grant-awarding bodies on the cover page
  • Disclosure statement. This is to acknowledge any financial interest or benefit that has arisen from the direct applications of your research.
  • Tables should present new information rather than duplicating what is in the text. Readers should be able to interpret the table without reference to the text.
  • If you include photos in your article, they must be presented with a signed consent from all who are in the photo.
  • Your article should not be more than 700 kilobyes

5.4.7. Tips for Writing Articles for TAJOCODE

  • Submissions should be useful to researchers, decision makers, community development practitioners, or anyone interested in the field and practice of community development. 
  • Given that the journal’s readership comprises, Kiswahili and English-speakers, we recommend that author(s) request assistance (e.g. from a Kiswahili and English professional editing service) to ensure that Kiswahili, as well as English grammar and expression, conforms to current usage throughout the paper. This will aid in assuring that their articles achieve maximum clarity. You are welcome to contact the Chief Editors if you need some assistance to improve English and Kiswahili grammar and expression of your article. TAJOCODE does not offer Kiswahili and English professional editing service. The chief editors will direct you to individuals and organizations offering such services. Take note that, the charges for such services vary.

5.4.8. Using Third-Party Material in your Paper

You must obtain the necessary permission to reuse third-party material in your article. The use of short extracts of text and some other types of material is usually permitted, on a limited basis, for the purposes of criticism and review without securing formal permission. If you wish to include any material in your paper for which you do not hold copyright, and which is not covered by this informal agreement, you will need to obtain written permission from the copyright owner prior to submission.

5.4.9. Submitting Your Paper

The chief editors of TAJOCODE are Dr. Rasel Madaha (Ph.D.)Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania,  Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.  and Dr. Regina Malima (Ph.D.)the Open University of TanzaniaEmail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Submit your article via email to the chief editors. Make sure to copy all of the two CHIEF Editors. Other contacts are provided below:

Associate Editors

  • Ponsian Sewando (Tengeru Institute of Community Development-TICD: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)
  • Novatus Justinian Kaijage (This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)

Managing Editors

  • Stephen Wambura,Tengeru Institute of Community Development,
  • Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.
  • Paschal Mahinyira,Buhare Community Development Training Institute(CDTI),
  • Email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Please note that TAJOCODE screens papers for unoriginal material. By submitting your paper to TAJOCODE you are agreeing to originality checks during the peer-review and production processes. TAJOCODE strongly recommends that you keep a copy of your Accepted article. The article might be needed in case of misplacement.

6.0. Process

The articles will be blind reviewed by two to three community development practitioners and specialists who have volunteered to review and who have expertise that relates to the subject matter presented in the article. The goal will be to have the decision on the submission within four weeks of receipt.

7.0. Publication Charges

There are no submission fees, publication fees, or page charges for this journal. We do not publish colour figures on the print version of the journal. We may publish colour figures on our online version of the journal.

8.0. Copyright Options

All authors must give the Copyright of their articles to TAJOCODE and the Department of Agricultural Extension and Community Development of the Sokoine University of Agriculture.

9.0. Queries

Should you have any queries, please contact the chief editors via their email.

 10.0. Journal Identifiers

Online: ISSN 2773-675X Print: ISSN  2773-6725  Copyright © Tanzania Journal of Community Development (TAJOCODE) and Community Development Professionals Association of Tanzania (CODEPATA)

11.0. International Indexing

TAJOCODE deposits all publications to the Tanzania National Bibliography (see Section 5(2) of Act No.6, 1975 of Tanzania Library Services Board). The bibliography is circulated to Libraries worldwide hence making our journal accessible worldwide. The bibliography is managed by the National Centre for International Standard Book Numbering (ISBN) and International Standard Serial Numbering (ISSN). The centre ensures that the documents produced are recorded and accessible at the International Data Banks.

We also deposit TAJOCODE online articles at Sokoine University of Agriculture (SUA) Institutional Repository to increase their visibility to the global community. Here is the link [click here]

DISCLAIMER:

The Editorial Board, TAJOCODE, CODEPATA, Department of Agricultural Extension and Community Development of SUA, and our publishers make every effort to ensure the accuracy of all the information (the “content”) contained in our publication. However, the mentioned organs, our agents, and our licensors make no representation or warranties whatsoever as to the accuracy, completeness, or suitability for any purpose of the content. Any views and opinions expressed in this publication are the opinion and views of the authors, and are not the views of or endorsed by the Editorial Board, TAJOCODE, CODEPATA, Department of Agricultural Extension and Community Development of SUA and our publishers. The accuracy of the contents should not be relied upon and should be independently verified with primary sources of information. The Editorial Board, TAJOCODE, CODEPATA, Department of Agricultural Extension and Community Development of SUA and our publishers should not be liable for any losses, actions, claims, proceedings, demands, costs, expenses, damages, or other liabilities whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with, in relation to or arising out of the use of the content.

Updated 12th October 2021